Category 1930

Little Richard Born: December 5,1932-Still Alive Part Seven

Little Richard Born: December 5,1932-Still Alive Part Seven

Society

In addition to his musical style, Little Richard was cited as one of the first crossover black artists, reaching audiences of all races. His music and concerts broke the color line, drawing blacks and whites together despite attempts to sustain segregation. As H.B. Barnum explained in Quasar of Rock, Little Richard “opened the door. He brought the races together.” Barnum described Little Richard’s music as not being “boy-meets-girl-girl-meets-boy things, they were fun records, all fun. And they had a lot to say sociologically in our country and the world...

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Little Richard Born: December 5,1932-Still Alive Part Six

Little Richard Born: December 5,1932-Still Alive Part Six

Health problems

In October 1985, Little Richard returned to the United States from England, where he had finished recording his album Lifetime Friend, to film a guest spot on the show, Miami Vice. Following the taping, he accidentally crashed his sports car into a telephone pole in West Hollywood, California. He suffered a broken right leg, broken ribs and head and facial injuries. His recovery from the accident took several months. His accident prevented him from being able to attend the inaugural Rock and Roll Hall of Fame ceremony in January 1986 where he was one of several inductees. He instead supplied a recorded message.
In 2007, Little Richard was having problems walking due to sciatica in his left leg, requiring him to use c...

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Johnny Cash Born: February 26,1932-Died: September 12,2003 Part Five

Johnny Cash Born: February 26,1932-Died: September 12,2003 Part Five

Last years

Cash’s original grave (top) and the Cash/Carter memorial
In 1997, Cash was diagnosed with the neurodegenerative disease Shy–Drager syndrome, a form of multiple system atrophy; according to biographer Robert Hilburn, the disease was originally misdiagnosed as Parkinson’s disease, and Cash even announced to a concert audience that he had Parkinson’s during a show in Flint, Michigan, on October 25, 1997, after he nearly collapsed on stage; soon after his diagnosis was changed to Shy–Drager and Cash was told he had approximately 18 months to live. The diagnosis was later again altered to autonomic neuropathy associated with diabetes. The illness forced Cash to curtail his touring...

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James Brown Born: May 3,1933-Died: December 25,2005 Part Ten

James Brown Born: May 3,1933-Died: December 25,2005 Part Ten

Filmography

* The T.A.M.I. Show (1964) (concert film)- with The Famous Flames
* Ski Party (1965)- with The Famous Flames
* James Brown: Man to Man (1968) (concert film)
* The Phynx (1970)
* Black Caesar (1973) (soundtrack only)
* Slaughter’s Big Ripoff (1974) (soundtrack only)
* Adiós Amigo (1976)
* The Blues Brothers (1980)
* Doctor Detroit (1983)
* Rocky IV (1985)
* James Brown: Live in East Berlin (1989)
* The Simpsons (1993)
* When We Were Kings (1996) (documentary)
* Soulmates (1997)
* Blues Brothers 2000 (1998)
* Holy Man (1998)
* portrayed by Carlton Smith in Liberty Heights (1999)
* Undercover Brother (2002)
* The Tuxedo (2002)
* The Hire: Beat The Devil (2002) (short film)
* Sesame Street (1999–2009)
* Paper Chasers (...

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James Brown Born: May 3,1933-Died: December 25,2005 Part Nine

James Brown Born: May 3,1933-Died: December 25,2005 Part Nine

Legacy

A mural of James Brown, titled “Mr. Dynamite”, in the Over-the-Rhine neighborhood of Cincinnati, Ohio where he produced some of his earliest hits for King Records
James Brown received a variety of awards and honors throughout his lifetime and after his death. At one city, fans voted to honor Brown by naming a bridge after the entertainer. In 1993 the City Council of Steamboat Springs, Colorado conducted a poll of its residents to choose a new name for the bridge that crossed the Yampa River on Shield Drive. The winning name with 7,717 votes was “James Brown Soul Center of the Universe Bridge”. The bridge was officially dedicated in September 1993, and James Brown appeared at the ribbon-cutting ceremony for the event...

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James Brown Born: May 3,1933-Died: December 25,2005 Part Eight

James Brown Born: May 3,1933-Died: December 25,2005 Part Eight

Personal life

At the end of his life, James Brown lived in a riverfront home in Beech Island, South Carolina, directly across the Savannah River from Augusta, Georgia. Brown had diabetes that went undiagnosed for years, according to his longtime manager Charles Bobbit. In 2004, Brown was successfully treated for prostate cancer. Regardless of his health, Brown maintained his reputation as the “hardest working man in show business” by keeping up with his grueling performance schedule.

Marriages and children

Brown was married four times. His first marriage was to Velma Warren in 1953...

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James Brown Born: May 3,1933-Died: December 25,2005 Part Seven

James Brown Born: May 3,1933-Died: December 25,2005 Part Seven

Civil rights and self-reliance

Though Brown performed at benefit rallies for civil rights organizations in the mid-1960s, Brown often shied away from discussing civil rights in his songs. In 1968, in response to a growing urge of anti-war advocacy during the Vietnam War, Brown recorded the song, “America Is My Home”. In the song, Brown performed a rap, advocating patriotism and exhorting listeners to “stop pitying yoursel[ves] and get up and fight.” At the time of the song’s release, Brown had been participating in performing for troops stationed in Vietnam. A day after the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr., Brown gave out a televised concert at the Boston Garden to calm concerned Boston relatives...

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James Brown Born: May 3,1933-Died: December 25,2005 Part Six

James Brown Born: May 3,1933-Died: December 25,2005 Part Six

Concert introduction

Before James Brown appeared on stage, his personal MC gave him an elaborate introduction accompanied by drumrolls, as the MC worked in Brown’s various sobriquets along with the names of many of his hit songs. The introduction by Fats Gonder, captured on Brown’s 1963 album Live at the Apollo album, is a representative example:
So now ladies and gentlemen it is star time, are you ready for star time? Thank you and thank you very kindly...

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James Brown Born: May 3,1933-Died: December 25,2005 Part Five

James Brown Born: May 3,1933-Died: December 25,2005 Part Five

Memorial services

Public memorial at the Apollo Theater in Harlem

Public funeral in Augusta, Georgia, with Michael Jackson attending
After Brown’s death, Brown’s relatives, a host of celebrities and thousands of fans attended public memorial services at the Apollo Theater in New York on December 28, 2006, and at the James Brown Arena on December 30, 2006 in Augusta, Georgia. A separate, private memorial service was also held in North Augusta, South Carolina on December 29, 2006, which was attended by Brown’s family . Celebrities who attended Brown’s public and/or private memorial services included Michael Jackson, Jimmy Cliff, Joe Frazier, Buddy Guy, Ice Cube, Ludacris, Dr...

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The Life And Times Of Lou Rawls Part Three

The Life And Times Of Lou Rawls Part Three

Personal life

Lou Rawls’s tomb at Forest Lawn Memorial Park (Hollywood Hills)
On December 19, 2005, the Associated Press reported that Rawls tried to annul his two-year marriage to Nina Inman, who had been acting as his business manager, after it was discovered she had made unauthorized transfers amounting to nearly $350,000 from his bank account into an account solely controlled by her. She later stated that she had transferred the funds to protect them from one of Rawls’ daughters from a previous relationship.
In December 2005, it was announced that Rawls was being treated for cancer in both his lungs and brain...

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